US President Donald Trump on Thursday, June 1, announced the withdrawal of the America from the Paris Climate Change accord, drawing worldwide criticisms.
Here are facts you should know about the accord;
1.) The Paris Climate Agreement is a landmark global pact to fight climate change by limiting carbon emissions, adopting clean energy practices and phasing out fossil fuels.
2.) The accord seeks to limit global warming to no more than 1.5 degrees Celsius from pre-industrial levels. It was hailed as a victory for poorer countries more vulnerable to the consequences of climate change.
3.) U.S. President Donald Trump announced on June 1 that he was withdrawing the United States from the U.N.-backed Paris climate accords. Trump said the U.S. would exit the agreement and then “start to negotiate and see if we can make a deal that’s fair. And if we can, that’s great. And if we can’t, that’s fine.” It takes at least a year and possibly up to 3½ years for a nation to withdraw from the pact, according to the Associated Press.
4.) Nearly 200 countries signed on to the pact in December 2015, with 195 out of 197 present at the meeting agreeing to the overall accord. Since agreeing, 147 countries including Nigeria have ratified the agreement.
5.) Syria and Nicaragua were the only two countries that did not initially agree to the pact. The United States joins that list.
6.) The pact is named for Paris, where the COP21 summit – or Conference of the Parties Climate Conference – took place.
7.) World leaders have expressed continued support for the pact. German Chancellor Angela Merkel, for one, described the climate agreement as an “essential” pact. For his part, former President Barack Obama issued a statement supporting the agreement. “The nations that remain in the Paris Agreement will be the nations that reap the benefits in jobs and industries created. I believe the United States of America should be at the front of the pack,” Obama said.
8.) Trump can “cancel” America’s part in the agreement as a presidential action. While Obama helped broker the Paris accord and ratified the nation’s adoption of the pact in September 2016, he didn’t submit it to Congress for approval.
9.) The United States committed to reducing its greenhouse gas emissions by 26 to 28 percent, compared with 2005 levels, by 2025 to slow global warming.
10.) Environmentalists and a broad array of businesses – including some oil and gas firms– backed the agreement and urged Trump not to withdraw the U.S. Others, including many in the coal sector – a major source of carbon emissions – and conservatives skeptical of international agreements, argued the accord encroached on the nation’s ability to self-govern